The Brown Swiss cattle is of medium to large in size. McCormick, Chicago, Illinois; William Koch, New York, New York; J.C. Eldridge, Middle Falls, New York; E.M. Barton, Hinsdale, Illinois; and McLaury Brothers of New York. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Such breed promotional activities as are carried on the Switzerland are largely under the auspices of a government subsidized association that sponsors shows and sales of purebred livestock. In the US, the six most common breeds are Holstein, Ayrshire, Brown Swiss, Milking Shorthorn, Guernsey, and Jersey, and each of them have specific characteristics making them suitable to certain climates or operations, and their milk desirable to a certain market of consumers. The Brown Swiss breed in the United States was declared a dairy breed in 1906, and in 1907 a classification for Brown Swiss was provided at the National Dairy Show. The gestation period of brown swiss cattle is quite long and requires extra care. Updates? Switzerland, The Native Home of the Brown Swiss breed of cattle, is a very rough and mountainous country with a total area of about 15,940 square miles. • … Unimproved cattle similar to the Brown Swiss have been in this territory for a considerable period of time. Thanks to their longevity, adaptability, fertility, suitability for pasturing, favorable calving traits and frugality, they are very popular among customers all over the world. --> Brown swiss cattle have a lot of advantages like milk production (primarily) and meat production but there are some drawbacks which makes the decision troublesome. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership,, Oklahoma State University - Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science - Brown Swiss Cattle. «Bruna Schwyz» Maramures Loc. The Foundation Stock. With a calm disposition, the Brown Swiss is a slow-matur-ing breed that has correct feet and legs. Black hooves are the rule, and for good reason, as the Swiss is known for her hard, sturdy, and long lasting feet. Introduction of the Brown Swiss to the United States. Improvements in cheese manufacturing that were made about in 1825 created a market for an increased quantity of milk. Bones found in the ruins of Swiss lake dwellers date back to probably 4000 BC, and have some resemblance to the skeleton of today's Brown Swiss cow. Meat, milk and draft power are all capabilities of this breed. They do fairly well on milk production compared to their feed intake. The Alps separate Switzerland on the southern border from Italy, and the Jura Mountains form the boundary between Switzerland and France. Brown Swiss cows are good, persistent milkers, producing milk of average butterfat content as compared with other breeds of dairy cattle. Braunvieh (German, "brown cattle"), in English Swiss Brown or Brown Swiss, is a breed or group of breeds of domestic cattle originating in Switzerland and distributed throughout the Alpine region. Switzerland has been noted as a cheese producing country for many years, and in the summer many of the dairy herds are taken into the mountainous regions and are grazed on the abundant pastures and meadows that result from the heavy rainfall. Direct evidence of such crosses is lacking. All the cantons in which the breeds originated are inhabited by German speaking people, and apparently large cattle were brought in from Germany to improve the cattle of Switzerland, which until about 1860 were often quite lacking in size. The milk that they do give runs higher in butterfat and protein (I commonly see 4.6% BF and 3.3% Prot for Swiss on pasture). Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A.C.T.