This has been verified by the Guinness Book of World Records. Its belly is whitish and its ringed tail is shorter than its body. [123][107] Mugger crocodiles reportedly killed an adult leopard in Rajasthan. They prey on antelope, zebras, warthogs, buffalo, wildebeest, wild boar and deer, but they also prey on rodents, hares, fish, birds, snakes, lizards, turtles, monkeys and even jackals. These spots are called “rosettes” because their shape is similar to that of a rose.There are also black leopards, too, whose spots are hard to see because their fur is so dark. What does leopard expression mean? [136] [154], Leopard captivity in historical times has also been recorded — several leopards were kept in a menagerie established by King John at the Tower of London in the 13th century; around 1235, three of these animals were given to Henry III by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II. Leopard-like fossil bones and teeth possibly dating to the Pliocene were excavated in Perrier in France, northeast of London, and in Valdarno, Italy. Unlike lions, it does not live in groups. One large adult leopard was grabbed and consumed by a large crocodile while attempting to hunt along a bank in Kruger National Park. [142], Depending on the region, leopards may mate all year round. Leopards are the only natural predators of adult chimpanzees and gorillas, though probably not the large male silverback gorillas. Most leopards avoid people, but humans may occasionally be targeted as prey. Male leopards are about 30% larger than female leopards.[3]. These data indicate the near-fixation of the dark allele in the region. These traditional lions passant guardant appear in the coat of arms of Dalmatia and the coat of arms of England and many of its former colonies; more modern naturalistic (leopard-like) depictions appear on the coat of arms of several African nations including Benin, Malawi, Somalia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Gabon, the last of which uses a black panther. Love snow ⛄️ on May 13, 2020: I have a project dew tomorrow this is really good for it. The Leopard is a medium-sized wildcat that is natively found in a variety of different habitats across sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia. [154] During the Benin Empire, the leopard was commonly represented on engravings and sculptures and was used to symbolize the power of the king or oba, since the leopard was considered the king of the forest. In areas where leopard and tiger are sympatric, coexistence is reportedly not the general rule, with leopards being few where tigers are numerous. It stalks its prey, creeps to within a few metres, then leaps or dashes at the victim, which is dispatched by a bite in the back of the neck or smothered by a throat bite. In Cambodia, leopards inhabit deciduous dipterocarp forest in Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary and Mondulkiri Protected Forest. [115], The leopard depends mainly on its acute senses of hearing and vision for hunting. Leopardos could be a compound of λέων (leōn), meaning lion, and πάρδος (pardos). You may notice quite a big variation in the color and length of its fur. They only come together to mate. [145] Mortality of cubs is estimated at 41–50% during the first year. leopard the leopard was originally (as in Pliny's Natural History) regarded as a hybrid between a lion and a ‘pard’. There were also differences in the microhabitat preferences of the individual tiger and leopard followed over five months; the tiger used roads and forested areas more frequently, while the leopard used recently burned areas and open areas more frequently. It can climb very well, and it stays up in trees a lot of its time. [79], The leopard has the largest distribution of all wild cats, occurring widely in Africa as well as the Caucasus and Asia, although populations are fragmented and declining. The leopard’s tawny-yellow fur with black spots acts as a perfect camouflage for the animal as it hides in the leaves of a tree or in the long, dry grass. Add a translation. It can climb very well, and it stays up in trees a lot of its time. [148] Previously, the oldest recorded leopard was a female named Bertie living in captivity in the Warsaw Zoo. [131][132] Lions occasionally fetch leopard kills from trees. Female leopards give birth to usually 1-2 cubs. Leopards don’t usually roar as much as lions do, but they are also found to purr. In the Ivory Coast, the home range of a female was completely enclosed within a male's. Territorial sizes vary geographically and depending on habitat and availability of prey. In heraldry, leopard means both the spotted leopard as a heraldic device, and a lion passant guardant as in the arms of England. It lives in Africa and Asia. Parents’ information Teachers’ resources Newsletter sign up. Snow Leopard Facts: 1-5. At one year of age, leopard young can probably fend for themselves, but remain with the mother for 18–24 months. leopard facts. These spots are called “rosettes” … Snow leopards are perfectly adapted to the cold, barren landscape of their high-altitude home, but human threats have created an uncertain future for the cats. [67], Results of a phylogenetic analysis of chemical secretions amongst cats indicated that the leopard is closely related to the lion. It is not clear if male territories overlap as much as those of females do. [21] Its skin colour varies between individuals from pale yellowish to dark golden with dark spots grouped in rosettes. Frequently mistaken for cheetahs, jaguars, and tigers, it takes a little learning to be able to distinguish them from others of their kind. [78] Leopard fossils dating to the Pleistocene were also excavated in the Japanese archipelago. Most leopards are light coloured and have dark spots on their fur. Unlike lions, it does not live in groups. But today many leopard subspecies, especially in Asia, are endangered. English. They climb trees well, and do so regularly. [5] Leopards do not usually eat humans, but sometimes leopards that are hurt or sick can eat people when they do not have enough to eat. It has been hypothesized that the white tips of their tails may function as a 'follow-me' signal in intraspecific communication. This hybrid came to be known as a leopon. [5][6], Leopards are hunted illegally, and their body parts are smuggled in the wildlife trade for medicinal practices and decoration. It is basically an ambush hunter. They can carry prey up a tree and keep it safe from hyaenas and lions. "Phylogenetics, genome diversity and origin of modern leopard, "The current distribution and status of leopards, "The Leopard in the Arabian Peninsula – Distribution and Subspecies Status", "Description of some new species of Mammalia", "The late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: a genetic assessment", "Phylogeny and evolution of cats (Felidae)". In Sri Lanka, a few recorded vicious fights between leopards and sloth bears apparently result in both animals winding up either dead or grievously injured. [49] [26][125], In parts of its global range, the leopard is sympatric with other large predators such as tiger, lion, cheetah, spotted hyena, striped hyena, brown hyena, African wild dog, dhole and up to five bear species. [36][37] An Indian leopard killed in Himachal Pradesh in 2016 measured 261 cm (8 ft 7 in) with an estimated weight of 78.5 kg (173 lb) was perhaps the largest known wild leopard. The cat is closely related to the other big cats in the genus Panthera. [147] The oldest recorded spotted leopard was a female named Roxanne living in captivity at McCarthy's Wildlife Sanctuary in The Acreage, Palm Beach County, Florida. [62], Results of an analysis of molecular variance and pairwise fixation index of 182 African leopard museum specimens published in 2017 showed that some African leopards exhibit higher genetic differences than certain Asian leopards which are recognized as subspecies. It is similar in appearance to the jaguar, but has a smaller, lighter physique, and its rosettes are generally smaller, more densely packed and without central spots. These spots form circular rosette patterns that are golden or umber in color at the center. Leopards usually live alone and try not to meet another leopard. The most common prey is hoofed animals, but it will also eat dogs, monkeys and even rodents, rabbits and birds. The generic name Panthera was first used by Lorenz Oken in 1816, who included all the known spotted cats into this group. [27][32] In some regions, they are nocturnal. The mean leopard density decreased significantly (from 9.76 to 2.07 animals per 100 km2 (39 sq mi)) while the mean density of tigers increased (from 3.31 to 5.81 animals/100 km2) from 2004–2005 to 2008 in Rajaji National Park following the relocation of pastoralists out of the park. In the Serengeti, leopards have been observed to ambush prey by jumping down on it from trees. [22], Like most cat species, the leopard has a diploid chromosome number of 38. Hunted largely for its beautiful, spotted fur, the loss of each Amur leopard puts the species at greater risk of extinction. [40] Interbreeding in melanistic leopards produces a significantly smaller litter size than is produced by normal pairings. [103][104] In western African forests, they have been observed to be largely diurnal and hunting during twilight, when their prey animals are active; activity patterns varies between seasons. The first litter from this pair was born in November 1959, consisting of a male and a female. There are nine subspecies of leopard. [116] It primarily hunts at night in most areas. leopard translation in English-Afrikaans dictionary. Cubs are born with closed eyes, which open four to nine days after birth. [96][97] They were common near villages at the periphery of the park and outside the park. In 1913, an Algerian newspaper reported a leopard killed that allegedly measured about 275 cm (9 ft 0 in) in total length. [12][13][14] 'Panther' is another common name, derived from Latin: panther and Ancient Greek: πάνθηρ (pánthēr);[13] it can additionally refer to the cougar or the jaguar. They live in sub-Saharan Africa, northeast Africa, Central Asia, India, and China. [48] He also lived at the Warsaw Zoo and was Bertie's lifelong companion. [99], In the Russian Far East, it inhabits temperate coniferous forests where winter temperatures reach a low of −25 °C (−13 °F). It lives in Africa and Asia. [28] It is muscular, with relatively short limbs and a broad head. She died in December 2010 at the age of 24. [152] [125], Resource partitioning occurs where leopards share their range with tigers. There are nine subspecies of leopards recognized today, one in Africa and eight in Asia. the fur or pelt of this animal. Leopard Interesting Facts and Features. Facts about Leopard: 16-15 Results for leopard facts translation from English to Afrikaans. See also: cannot, change ... dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Juveniles have woolly fur, and appear to be dark-coloured due to the densely arranged spots. [3] Leopard definition: A leopard is a type of large, wild cat . Leopards are well known for their cream and gold spotted fur, but some leopards have black fur with dark spots. [29] Surveys conducted at the beginning of the 21st century revealed that the ranges of both species overlap in this region, especially in protected areas where ungulate densities are high and human disturbance is low. A baby is called a cub. Species that prefer open areas and developed significant anti-predator strategies are less preferred. Translation for 'leopard' in the free English-Swahili dictionary and many other Swahili translations. French Translation of “leopard” | The official Collins English-French Dictionary online. [127][128], While interspecies killing of full-grown leopards is generally rare, given the opportunity, both tiger and lion readily kill and consume both young and adult leopards. The name leopard was originally given to the cat now called cheetah —the so-called hunting leopard—which was once thought to be a cross between the lion and the pard. [121] A study in Wolong National Nature Reserve in southern China demonstrated variation in the leopard's diet over time; over the course of seven years, the vegetative cover receded, and leopards opportunistically shifted from primarily consuming tufted deer to pursuing bamboo rats and other smaller prey. Human translations with examples: simone, arikaans, white tiger, facts about a tiger. Leopards live in a lot of different environments: rainforests, forests, mountains and savannas. In a reserved forest of southern India, species preyed upon by leopard, dhole and striped hyena overlapped considerably. Unfortunately, due to the … [52][53], Following Linnaeus' first description, 27 leopard subspecies were proposed by naturalists between 1794 and 1956. The most similar cat in its lifestyle is the jaguar, which lives in Central and South America. Hunted largely for its beautiful, spotted fur, the loss of each Amur leopard puts the species at greater risk of extinction. The leopard's rosettes differ from those of the jaguar, which are darker and with smaller spots inside. leopard translation in English-Welsh dictionary. The scientific name of the leopard is Panthera pardus . 1. Of all big cats, the leopard is one of the easiest to recognize, due to its distinctive spotted fur coat and long tail. [122] The largest prey killed by a leopard was reportedly a male eland weighing 900 kg (2,000 lb). en The Bible says: “The wolf will actually reside for a while with the male lamb, and with the kid the leopard itself will lie down, and the calf and the maned young lion and the well-fed animal all together; and a mere little boy will be leader over them.”—Isaiah 11:6-9; Hosea 2:18. They are: From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. They engaged in poaching large herbivores, sale of bushmeat and trading leopard skins in Am Dafok. Its pupils are round. They are born blind and start to see in … Translation for 'leopard' in the free English-Arabic dictionary and many other Arabic translations. Leopards hunt at different times, and they also use different methods for hunting. snow leopard (Panthera uncia or Uncia uncia) Definition of leopard in the Idioms Dictionary. [144] Cubs are usually born in a litter of 2–4 cubs. The leopard-lion clade was distributed in the Asian and African Palearctic since at least the early Pliocene. It is considered to be extirpated in North Africa. The fur tends to be grayish in colder climates, and dark golden in rain forest habitats. Leopards are part of the cat family, Felidae. The leopard (Panthera pardus) is one of the five extant species in the genus Panthera, a member of the Felidae. Powerful and agile, the leopard is an efficient hunter. English. Adult leopards are solitary animals. [146], The average typical life span of a leopard is between 12 and 17 years. en In the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, Isaiah 11:6 reads: “The wolf will actually reside for a while with the male lamb, and with the kid the leopard itself will lie down, and the calf and the maned young lion and the well-fed animal all together; and a mere little boy will be leader over them.” Although adaptable to human disturbances, leopards require healthy prey populations and appropriate vegetative cover for hunting for prolonged survival and thus rarely linger in heavily developed areas. The cause of this morph, known as a "strawberry leopard" or "pink panther", is not well understood. It is the smallest member of the ‘big cats” family. The way the kill is stored depends on local topography and individual preferences; while trees are preferred in Kruger National Park, bushes are preferred in the plain terrain of the Kalahari. Fossil cat teeth collected in Sumatra's Padang Highlands were assigned to the leopard. Between 2002 and 2012, at least four leopards were estimated to have been poached per week in India for the illegal wildlife trade of its skins and bones. [100] Leopard, (Panthera pardus),, also called panther, large cat closely related to the lion, tiger, and jaguar. [151], The leopard is primarily threatened by habitat fragmentation and conversion of forest to agriculturally used land, which lead to a declining natural prey base, human–wildlife conflict with livestock herders and high leopard mortality rates. It can run at speeds of up to 58 kilometres per hour (36 mph). It is the only big cat that climbs trees regularly. 1400-1600)-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Taxonbars with automatically added original combinations, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Present and historical distribution of the leopard, It is the most widespread leopard subspecies and is native to, It is native to mainland Southeast Asia and probably, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 09:38. [46], Leopards exhibiting erythrism were recorded between 1990 and 2015 in South Africa's Madikwe Game Reserve and in Mpumalanga. [123], Females give birth in a cave, crevice among boulders, hollow tree, or thicket to make a den. Weerasinghe, U.M.I.R.K., Kariyawasm, D. and M. De Zoysa (2003). The scientific name for a leopard is Panthera pardus. The life expectancy of a leopard living in the wild is generally 12 – 15 years and a leopard living in a zoo has a life expectancy of about 23 years. [141], In Serengeti National Park, troops of 30–40 olive baboons were observed while mobbing and attacking a female leopard and her cubs. [45], In India, nine pale and white leopards were reported between 1905 and 1967. Leopards are carnivores. [101][102], Leopards are active mainly from dusk till dawn and rest for most of the day and for some hours at night in thickets, among rocks or over tree branches. They’re fierce, fast and fur-ocious – join National Geographic Kids as we check out these amazing leopard facts!. The adult males live separately, and the females live only with their cubs. In Greek mythology, the leopard was a symbol of the god Dionysus; who was depicted wearing leopard skin and using leopards as means of transportation. Around three months of age, the young begin to follow the mother on hunts. Snow leopard, also called ounce, large long-haired Asian cat, classified as either Panthera uncia or Uncia uncia in the family Felidae. Leopard They live in sub-Saharan Africa, northeast Africa, Central Asia, India, and China. Primate species preyed upon include those of the genera Cercocebus, Cercopithecus and Semnopithecus. [107] Small prey is eaten immediately, while larger carcasses are dragged over several hundred metres and safely cached in trees, bushes or even caves to be consumed later. Do leopards usually live in Africa? [22] Leopards living in arid regions are pale cream, yellowish to ochraceous and rufous in colour; those living in forests and mountains are much darker and deep golden. The snow leopard (Panthera uncia), also known as the ounce, is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of Central and South Asia.It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List because the global population is estimated to number less than 10,000 mature individuals and is expected to decline about 10% by 2040. Both were killed by the renowned hunter and conservationist Jim Corbett. However, many seals have spots. [159] In Sri Lanka's Yala National Park, leopards have been ranked by visitors to be among the least visible of all animals in the park, despite their high concentration in the reserve. What does leopard expression mean? The leopard is mostly active at night. [162] Man-eating leopards are considered bold and difficult to track and may enter human settlements for prey, more so than lions and tigers. Snow leopards are one of the most beautiful of the big cats. Leopards generally have yellow fur with dark rosettes and spots, and a lighter colored underside. While luxury establishments may boast the fact that wild animals can be seen at close range on a daily basis, the leopard's camouflage and propensity to hide and stalk prey typically make leopard sightings rare. Leopard, also called panther, large cat closely related to the lion, tiger, and jaguar. Of all the leopards, the Amur leopard is the most critically endangered. They can run at over 58 km/h (36 mph), leap over 6 m (20 ft) horizontally, and jump up to 3 m (10 ft) vertically. [9] The earliest known leopard fossils excavated in Europe are estimated 600,000 years old, dating to the late Early Pleistocene. Support WWF in its efforts to protect the species and its habitat. From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. 14. The skull of a West African panther measured 28.6 cm (11 1⁄4 in) in basal length, and 18.1 cm (7 1⁄8 in) in breadth, and weighed 790 g (1 lb 12 oz). [11], In Europe, the leopard occurred at least since the Pleistocene. Leopards live in habitats where there are some trees. It varies greatly in size and markings. ... "Can the Ethiopian change his skin, or the leopard his spots?" [38][39], Melanistic leopards are also called black panthers. They grow to only 3 to 6.2 feet (92 to 190 centimeters) long. [26] The guard hairs protecting the basal hairs are short, 3–4 mm (1⁄8–5⁄32 in) in face and head, and increase in length toward the flanks and the belly to about 25–30 mm (1–1 1⁄8 in). The estrous cycle lasts about 46 days and the female usually is in heat for 6–7 days. The leopard is a wild cat of Africa and Asia. With relatively abundant prey and differences in the size of prey selected, tigers and leopards seem to successfully coexist without competitive exclusion or interspecies dominance hierarchies that may be more common to the leopard's co-existence with the lion in savanna habitats. 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