California is home to the highest point (Mt. The California Gold Rush of the 1850s is still seen as a symbol of California's economic style, which tends to generate technology, social, entertainment, and economic fads and booms and related busts. In general, the desert areas with these traits are in the Mojave Desert and thus … Numerous trout species are found, among them rainbow, golden, and cutthroat. About 400,000 people live in Sacramento. The cool California Current offshore often creates summer fog near the coast. Though Lake Tahoe is larger, it is divided by the California/Nevada border. These majestic trees fascinate me, and I bet you’ll discover a few surprising redwood tree facts you didn’t know! Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. California is one of the richest and most diverse parts of the world, and includes some of the most endangered ecological communities. It is bordered by Arizona to the southeast, Oregon to the north, Nevada to the east and the Mexican state of Baja California to the south. Spread out over 100 acres, this is an amusement and water park where you can spend the day riding roller coasters, seeing live … California is part of the Nearctic ecozone and spans a number of terrestrial ecoregions. California is the 3rd largest state in the United States in area, after Alaska and Texas. California has long had many respected collegiate sports programs. California is the 3rd largest state in the United States in area, after Alaska and Texas. Whitney) and the lowest point (Death Valley) in the continental United States. Giant predators like great white sharks and killer whales visit the California coast in search of a good meal. According to the United States Census Bureau in 2015 the population self-identifies as (alone or in combination): By ethnicity, in 2015 the population was 61.2% non-Hispanic (of any race) and 38.8% Hispanic or Latino (of any race). The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of California was 39,512,223 on July 1, 2019, a 6.06% increase since the 2010 United States Census. These religious people set up small towns and villages, the famous California Missions. Northern parts of the state have more rain than the south. The population is projected to reach forty million by 2020 and fifty million by 2060. Forest floors are covered with swordfern, alumnroot, barrenwort, and trillium, and there are thickets of huckleberry, azalea, elder, and wild currant. Learn all about California’s national tree with these fun redwood tree facts for kids. English serves as California's de facto official language. Map of the United States with California highlighted, A forest of redwood trees in Redwood National Park, Aerial view of the California Central Valley, Potato Harbor, named for its distinctive ovular and bumpy shape, on Santa Cruz Island, The coastline along Laguna Beach in Southern California, still seen as a symbol of California's economic style. Stanford University and its Dean of Engineering Frederick Terman began encouraging faculty and graduates to stay in California instead of leaving the state, and develop a high-tech region in the area now known as Silicon Valley. The Klamath Mountains are in the state’s northwest corner. California joined the war to and helped the North (the Union) and sent many troops east to fight the Confederacy. California's large number of endemic species includes relict species, which have died out elsewhere, such as the Catalina ironwood (Lyonothamnus floribundus). This phenomenon is known as "June Gloom." Weather in Los Angeles is not always what visitors expect. Birds such as the kingfisher, chickadee, towhee, and hummingbird thrive here as well. In 1940, the Census Bureau reported California's population as 6.0% Hispanic, 2.4% Asian, and 89.5% non-Hispanic white. About 37,000 earthquakes are recorded each year, but most are too small to be felt. In the 1960s, popular music groups such as The Beach Boys promoted the image of Californians as laid-back, tanned beach-goers. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. Around 200 buffalo roam on Catalina Island, descendants of a few taken there in the 1920’s for a movie and left there. Capital Sacramento. In the past, the area that was called "California" was not just today's California. Some important facts about California are highlighted in the lists below. In output, the five largest sectors are financial services, followed by trade, transportation, and utilities; education and health services; government; and manufacturing. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. Those are Oakland, San Jose, Los Angeles, San Diego, Sacramento, Fresno, Long Beach and San Francisco. Water is diverted from the delta and through an extensive network of pumps and canals that traverse nearly the length of the state, to the Central Valley and the State Water Projects and other needs. The first native inhabitants arrived 9,000 years ago, ancestors of the … California contains more forestland than any other state except Alaska. Water from the Delta provides drinking water for nearly 23 million people, almost two-thirds of the state's population as well as water for farmers on the west side of the San Joaquin Valley. Yet since 1991, and starting in the late 1980s in Southern California, California has seen a net loss of domestic migrants most years. https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/states/california.html. All rights reserved. According to the USDA in 2011, the three largest California agricultural products by value were milk and cream, shelled almonds, and grapes. To the east of the Sierra Nevada are Owens Valley and Mono Lake, an essential migratory bird habitat. 31st State (September 9, 1850), the west coast U.S. State Abbreviation: CA. California is often geographically bisected into two regions, Southern California, comprising the 10 southernmost counties, and Northern California, comprising the 48 northernmost counties. Interesting Facts for Kids 9:- California High Desert In California, the desert areas that are below 1219.2 meters (4,000 feet) and above 609.9 meters (2,000 feet) are called high desert. In the deserts of the lower Sonoran zone, the mammals include the jackrabbit, kangaroo rat, squirrel, and opossum. The five largest sectors of employment in California are trade, transportation, and utilities; government; professional and business services; education and health services; and leisure and hospitality. The upper Sonoran zone boasts mammals such as the antelope, brown-footed woodrat, and ring-tailed cat. When Mexico was no longer controlled by Spain, the Mexican government took over the villages, and they soon became empty. The transition zone includes most of California's forests with the redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) and the "big tree" or giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), among the oldest living things on earth (some are said to have lived at least 4,000 years). In 1846, as the Mexican-American War was starting, some Americans in California hoped to create a California Republic. To meet the population's needs, major engineering feats like the California and Los Angeles Aqueducts; the Oroville and Shasta Dams; and the Bay and Golden Gate Bridges were built across the state. The horizontal distance from the bottom of Death Valley to the top of Mount Whitney is less than 90 miles (140 km). They also suggest that the name ‘California’ is after ‘Queen Califia,’ a black Amazon warrior queen. California is one of the nation’s largest states in area; only Alaska and Texas are bigger. California has a land area of 155,959 square miles (403,934 square kilometers) and its water area extends 7,734 square miles (200,309 square kilometers). The fauna found throughout several zones are the mule deer, coyote, mountain lion, northern flicker, and several species of hawk and sparrow. Because California has the greatest diversity of climate and terrain, the state has six life zones which are the lower Sonoran (desert); upper Sonoran (foothill regions and some coastal lands), transition (coastal areas and moist northeastern counties); and the Canadian, Hudsonian, and Arctic Zones, comprising the state's highest elevations. California is bordered by the Pacific Ocean in the west, Oregon in the north, Nevada and Arizona in the east, and Mexico in the south. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- Migratory species of salmon are common as well. The two most prominent rivers within California are the Sacramento River and the San Joaquin River. The only other way was to travel by boat around the Cape Horn, at the southern end of South America. Los Angeles is the largest city in California The Californian poppy is the official state flower Home to the first Disneyland theme park The Giant Sequoia tree is the world’s most massive tree, and one of the largest living organisms on Earth During the 1870's, an agricultural community formed around the community. Facts About Los Angeles Weather . If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world and the 35th most populous. Although most of the state has a Mediterranean climate, due to the state's large size, the climate ranges from subarctic to subtropical. In these early times, the borders of the Sea of Cortez and the Pacific coast were not well known, so the old maps wrongly showed California to be an island. This was the beginning of the huge farming business that California has today. The town started around 1853 as a very small area in what is now Los Angeles, California. 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